Is 60:1-6; Eph 3:2-3,5-6; Matt 2:1-12
JESUS IS OUR LIGHT AND OUR KING
Today, the Church celebrates the feast of the Epiphany. The Christmas season continues today with the celebration of the feast of Epiphany: the manifestation of Jesus to the pagan world. Today, Jesus reveals himself to non-believers. This is the second phase of the Christmas season. Next Sunday, we shall be celebrating the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord. That will mark the conclusion of the Christmas season. Today’s gospel tells us of the Magi from the East who followed the star until it came and stopped over the place where the Child Jesus and his mother were. They entered the house and upon seeing the Child, they prostrated themselves and did him homage. They offered him gifts: Gold, frankincense and myrrh.
- WHAT ARE WE CELEBRATING AT THE EPIPHANY?
At Christmas, we celebrate the mystery of the Word-made-flesh, that is, Jesus Christ who is true God and true Man. On New Year’s Day, we celebrate the mystery of Jesus, Son of God, born of Mary. Thus we focused on Mary as the Mother of God. Jesus is truly the SON OF GOD AND SON OF MARY. Today, on the Epiphany of the Lord, we celebrate the truth that this Jesus is the King and the Light to all nations. He is not king and light only to the people of Israel. Here, we recall the prophesy of Simeon about the child Jesus: “Lord, not let your servant depart in peace, according to your word; for my eyes have seen your salvation which you have prepared in the presence of all peoples, a light for revelation to the Gentiles” (Lk 2:29-32) Of him, the prophet Isaiah says in the 1st reading of today: “… upon you the LORD shines, and over you appears his glory. Nations shall walk by your light, and kings by your shining radiance” (Is 60:2-3).
The word Epiphany, from its Greek origin means “manifestation” or “appearance”. It is derived from a verb meaning “to appear”. In the book of 2 Maccabees, the same word is used of a manifestation of the God of Israel (2 Maccabees 15:27). In the New Testament, the word is used in 2 Timothy 1:10 to refer either to the birth of Christ or to his appearance after his resurrection. It is also used five times to refer to the Second Coming of Christ.
From the gospel reading above, we find that the visit of the magi takes center stage in today’s liturgy of the word. In our reflection of today, we shall, therefore, concentrate on this prophetic narrative that anticipates the future rejection of Jesus by Israel and his acceptance by the Gentiles, a people considered to be outside the nation of Israel.
- THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE MAGI
In oriental literature, a magus is “an oriental priest well-schooled in the esoteric arts, including astrology and the interpretation of dreams.” With this in-depth knowledge in astrology and dream interpretation, a magus was also considered to be a “wise man”. In Matthew 2:1, the astrological aspect of the magi is highlighted. “Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the East, and have come to worship him” (Mt 2:1).
In Old Testament times, the idea of the Jews as God’s Chosen people was interpreted in a way that involved second-class status, and sometimes even rejection of all the other peoples. The concept of divine election fundamentally differentiated the Jew from the Gentile. Jews believed that it was quite impossible to be holy outside Judaism. As a Jew, the individual was a member of the “holy nation” (Exodus 19:6). In this light, the magi in story of Christ’s birth were fundamentally Gentiles. As Gentiles, they belonged to the pagan world and so they were outside the covenant society. They were total strangers to the Jewish covenant. Their visit, therefore, was considered a “visit of the non-holy to the Holy”. This feast shows that election by God was not just a privilege for the Jews but a hope for all. God is breaking down this barrier and manifested himself to the pagan world because salvation is also for them. The doors were also opened for them to visit the Messiah of the world. The epiphany replicates the situation at the incarnation where there was an encounter between the Holy and the non-holy, God coming down and taking human form.
- A CALL TO AN OPENNESS TO OTHERS
On the feast of the Epiphany, we are also called to be open to others, especially the vulnerable and fallen in our society. Today, in the narrative of the magi, Jesus is being opened up to the outer world of non-Jews. Jesus open his doors so that the non-elect, the pagans, can come in. Later on, during his ministry, Jesus also shows clearly that his mission is not restricted to the Jewish nation alone. This is why he ordered his disciples to “make disciples of all nations” (Mat 28:19). No Christian, no disciple of Jesus, can fulfill the mandate of Christ with closed doors, or with a separatist attitude. As we can see, the biblical theological implication of the magi’s visit is very profound. They are comparable to the atheists (non-believers in God) of whom Pope Francis said, “There are also good atheists.” The Holy Father goes on to say that “it is better to be an atheist than to be a hypocritical Catholic.” Thursday 23 Feb. 2017
As earlier mentioned, the feast of the Epiphany has parallels with the incarnation, at Christmas, the Most Perfect God condescended to take up an imperfect human nature. Similarly, today, this same Most Perfect God chooses to manifest himself to the unbelieving pagan world. In each case, the PERFECT comes in contact with IMPERFECT. Both the incarnation and the Epiphany remind us that although we have a Perfect God, we do not have a Perfectionist God, who insists on our being perfect before he could encounter us. Instead, he is a “ritual detergent” that cleanses every dirty contact. In the incarnation and in the Epiphany, God encounters us as we are. He deals with his children as they are and not as we would have wanted them to be. This condescension of God permeates all levels of his relationships between the human beings and with our world. God does not discriminate.
- WHAT DO WE LEARN FROM THE MAGI?
Given that God takes the initiative to manifest himself to us, what is our own response? In the case of the magi, they recognized Jesus as the true Star of Christmas. They came to him and they worshipped him. Since this is also our goal, we can learn some things from them:
- a) The Magi were attentive to God: Ironically, the Jews who had for many years announced that they were awaiting the Messiah, were oblivious to his coming. They, “God’s chosen People”, missed the signs. Their religious experts, their theologians, and the devout, all missed it. These “foreigners” however, saw, understood and responded. We too can be so wrapped up in the trappings of the season that we miss the Christ-child. We can be so familiar with the events and traditions of Christmas that we never really give time to think about the events in Bethlehem. If we look around attentively, we would realize how desperately our world needs the message that Jesus brings. We would realize how much we personally need a Saviour, a companion and a friend. The message of Christmas is not just some “nice story”. It is a message and an event that we need to pay attention to.
- b) The Magi were active rather than passive: When the magi observed the star, they did not sit down and write a book about their experience. They packed up their stuff and headed off to find this newborn King so that they might honour and worship him. When they reached Israel, they inquired about where the Messiah was to be born. When they got an answer, they continued until they arrived at Bethlehem where they worshipped and presented their gifts. They were not content to have information. They insisted on having a personal encounter with this King. They did not wait passively. They actively sought for the King. In the same way, we cannot simply wait for the Christ. We need to bring ourselves to him. How much did we prepare ourselves sacramentally to encounter this Jesus at Christmas.
- c) The Magi resisted the inevitable distractions: The Magi certainly had many distractions. They had the distraction of a long and arduous journey. Imagine how many times they might have thought about turning back. Think of how often they wondered if it was going to be “worth it”. But they kept going. Satan is certainly a common companion of anyone who would like see Jesus. The Devil’s goal is to distract us and turn us away from our pursuit of Christ. Hold firm and do not relent!
- WHAT DID MAGI DO WHEN THEY FINALLY FOUND JESUS?
The Magi followed the star to Bethlehem where they met Jesus. Quite often, the lights that lead us to Christ shine through our loving various people whom we encounter in our lives: our parents who introduce us to Jesus at an early age, teach us how to make the sign of the cross. Sometimes, our stars are our teachers who inspired us by their knowledge of Scriptures, their love of the church and their heroic virtues. These shining people bring us towards the King of light, Jesus himself. When the Magi saw the again saw the Jesus and came into his presence, they rejoiced (Mtt 2:10). They knew knew that they had found the one whom they had been looking for all their lives. They discovered joy. When you read the story of the Shepherds at the scene of the birth of Jesus, you see the same reaction and feelings. They were filled with joy after seeing Christ. The same can be for us. Jesus brings us and new life. He is the one who gives the hope that we might have thought does not exist. He is the one who fills the empty and lonely heart. Jesus is the one who affirms the value of those who think that they are worthless. He is the one who brings life beyond the grave. His arms are open as he lies in the manger. He invites us to come to himself. And if we do, we will also find the one we have been looking for all our life.
Next, the Magi worshipped Jesus when they found him. (Mtt 2:11) This does not necessarily mean they sang a couple of hymns. Neither does it mean they sang a chorus over and over again. It means they quietly honoured the Christ-child. They opened their hearts to him. They presented him material gifts, as well as gifts of themselves. “Worship” is acknowledging God as someone unique, special, powerful, to whom we give our everything. That is exactly what the Magi did.
Furthermore, the Magi went home a “different way”. (Mtt 2:12) They took a different route to return to their home. We recall that Herod had expected them to return and give a report of their finding, “so that he may also go and pay homage to the child”. But after meeting Jesus, the angel informed them of Herod’s desire to kill this baby. They changed their course. People who have met Jesus also change their courses. They do so, not simply because they are required to do so. On the contrary, they do so because for the first time in their lives, the way has become clearer. Now, they know who to trust. Now, they are no longer afraid of a commitment to Christ. Because of their contact with the PERFECT, they entire lives are changed.
Today, the Magi lead us to a discovery of the baby Jesus. This Jesus is our LIGHT and our KING! He is the king of all nations! Come, let us adore him!